Emerson Kloss

Biography

Emerson is a Brazilian diplomat currently serving as Agriculture Counselor at the Brazilian mission to the WTO in Geneva. From 2001 to 2006, he worked at the Agriculture and Commodities Division of Itamaraty, as desk for sanitary and phytosanitary measures. He served at the Brazilian Embassies in Washington, as Head of the Agriculture Section, and in Asuncion, as Head of the Energy Section. From 2011 to 2015, he was in charge of the Renewable Energy Division at Itamaraty. He holds a bachelor’s degree and a M.A. degree in International Relations from the University of Brasilia.

 

Abstract

Trade policy from a Brazilian perspective.

As a leading country in agriculture, Brazil has historically been at the forefront of the negotiations for the reform of the multilateral trade rules. Last year, in the Nairobi Ministerial Conference, a historic result was achieved with the decision to eliminate export subsidies and to adopt stricter rules for financing exports of agricultural products. Brazil played an important and active role in reaching that agreement. Given the importance of agricultural trade for its economy, Brazil continues to seek results in the other areas of the negotiations. We are looking for increased market access opportunities for our products and, as a priority for the current cycle of negotiations, the reduction of trade-distorting domestic support provided by WTO members to their farmers. Domestic subsidies can negatively affect the ability of more efficient producers, particularly developing countries, to compete in the international marketplace. Depending on the level of support provided, it can work as an export subsidy. Preventing trade distortions in world agricultural markets was listed as one of the targets to be achieved in the context of the UN Sustainable Development Goals


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